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Environmental Remediation and Waste Processing and Disposal

Environmental Management
Number: 81.104
Agency: Department of Energy

Program Information 

Program Number/Title (010):
81.104 Environmental Remediation and Waste Processing and Disposal
Federal Agency (030):
Department of Energy
Authorization (040):
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act, Public Law 99-240; Energy Reorganization Act of 1974, Public Law 93-438; Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act of 1990, Public Law 101-615; Atomic Energy Act of 1954, Section 31, as amended, Public Law 83-703; Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977, as amended, Public Law 96-573.
Objectives (050):
The Environmental Management Research and Development Program provides for the development of technologies to safely expedite tank waste processing and tank closure, remediation of contaminated groundwater and soil, disposition of nuclear materials and spent (used) nuclear fuel, and deactivation and decommissioning of contaminated excess facilities.
The Environmental Management Research and Development program transforms science and innovation into practical solutions for environmental cleanup. The new technologies will transform the Environmental Management cleanup effort by reducing risk (technological, environmental, safety, and health), schedule, and cost. The Environmental Management
Research and Development program focuses on resolving technical challenges with an overall emphasis on transformational technical solutions in response to the highest priority needs of Environmental Management sites. Applied engineering and research demonstrating the technical feasibility of high-risk, high-payoff technologies are included. The Environmental Management Research and Development program matures technologies from concept/basic science through feasibility assessment and technology development (bench scale and scale-up testing and flow-sheet evaluation), then production-level demonstration, and finally to full deployment.
Types of Assistance (060):
Cooperative Agreements; Project Grants
Uses and Use Restrictions (070):
Financial assistance is provided in support of the program objectives. Restrictions on the use of funds depend on the provisions of the specific project agreement. Applicants must meet the guidelines established by DOE or contained in the specific Congressional authorization for a particular program being supported.
Eligibility Requirements (080)
Applicant Eligibility (081):
Public, quasi-public, private industry, individuals, groups, educational institutions, organizations, and nonprofit organizations may apply including State or local level governments, federally recognized Indian tribal governments, and institutions in U.S. Territories and possessions may apply. Determinations are made by DOE EM Headquarters or EM Field Offices, or both.
Beneficiary Eligibility (082):
States, affected Indian tribes, regional organizations, (including U.S. Territories) local governments, and the public will benefit.
Credentials/Documentation (083):
Cost will also be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-21 for institutions of higher education or as otherwise defined in the financial assistance instrument. OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program.
Application and Award Process (090)
Preapplication Coordination (091):
Preapplication coordination is not applicable. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.
Application Procedures (092):
This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-102. OMB Circular No. A-110 applies to this program. A formal proposal by the organization interested in doing the work must be submitted through an appropriate official of the corporate entity, organization, or institution. Financial assistance requests will be reviewed pursuant to the Office of Environmental Management Merit Review System (May 5, 1991) and the DOE Financial Assistance Manual, as amended.
Award Procedure (093):
Award decisions may be made by DOE Headquarters throughout the fiscal year.
Deadlines (094):
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time (095):
The approximate approval/disapproval time is from 2 months to 1 year.
Appeals (096):
Not Applicable.
Renewals (097):
From 120 to 180 days. Proposals for renewal are subject to review and acceptance by DOE Headquarters, the field, or both.
Assistance Consideration (100)
Formula and Matching Requirements (101):
This program has no statutory formula.
Matching Requirements: Match requirements will be determined depending upon the award.
MOE requirements are not applicable to this program.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance (102):
Length and time phasing of assistance will vary with the program phase and activity. The maximum term of an award is 5 years. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: lump sum.
Post Assistance Requirements (110)
Reports (111):
Program reports are not applicable. Cash reports are not applicable. At a minimum annual progress reports are required. Frequency of progress reports will be determined at time of award. Expenditure reports will be required. The type and frequency will be determined at time of award. Performance monitoring will be determined at time of award.
Audits (112):
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133. Costs incurred are subject to audit throughout the contract or grant period and before final close-out. The extent and frequency of audits depend on the size of the contract/grant and the specific contract/grant provisions.
Records (113):
A grantee is expected to maintain auditable records to substantiate the total costs incurred under the grant or cooperative agreement. In addition, if cost sharing is required, the grantee is also expected to maintain auditable records for the cost sharing portion of the award.
Financial Information (120)
Obligations (122):
(Cooperative Agreements) FY 13 $10,116,000; FY 14 est $17,424,000; and FY 15 est $13,007,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance (123):
No Data Available.
Program Accomplishments (130):
Fiscal Year 2013: Tank Waste
•Develop and test glass formulations to take advantage of the higher processing temperatures and crystal tolerance of the Cold Crucible Induction Melter with Hanford and Idaho National Laboratory waste streams.
•Perform preliminary testing of the Cold Crucible Induction Melter to obtain design data.
•Continue development of next generation solvent system with chemical modifications based on FY 2012 testing.
•Support the joint EM-NE-International Study of Glass Behavior Over Geological Time Scales.
•Continue work for modeling of cementitious materials performance in waste management applications.

Groundwater and Soil Remediation
•Develop and test state-of-the art, science-based modeling capabilities for the next generation of performance assessments: Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management.
•Continue to develop and demonstrate methods for treating mercury in sediments and water. Begin laboratory and intermediate-scale comparisons of these methods with respect to their effectiveness and applicability to meet new regulatory requirements.
•Perform field testing and demonstration of the most promising soil treatment methods that attenuate contamination in place for the deep vadose zone. Analyze expected benefits compared to current technologies.
•Use Advanced Simulation Capabilities for Environmental Management 1.0 Model to integrate data and information from the integrated field sites to iteratively evaluate the alternative approaches for treating key contaminants.

Deactivation and Decommissioning
•Continue development and testing of innovative embedded sensors and long-term monitoring technologies for In-Situ Decommissioning.

Nuclear Materials Disposition
•Continue evaluation, testing, and design of advanced techniques to characterize the aging of spent nuclear material, spent (used) nuclear fuel and other challenging materials and storage facilities to extend the life of storage facilities. Fiscal Year 2014: Tank Waste

•Conduct scientific research and development activities to provide the technical basis for supplemental low activity immobilization waste form and to provide a solution for the separation of Technicium-99 from the low activity waste and off-gas recycle streams.
•Develop advanced separations methods and alternative treatment technologies and demonstrate performance of alternate waste forms.
•Develop strategies and technologies to understand, optimize scale and accelerate tank waste characterization and develop targeted cleaning methods thus enabling waste processing and tank closure schedules to be accelerated and costs reduced.
•Support the Joint Cementitious Barriers Partnership / Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management demonstration on near and far-field transport modeling as well as continue to develop and validate various Cementitious Barriers Partnership software modules and continue to support multi-program activities to enhance the understanding of the long-term behavior of glass.

Nuclear Waste Management and Disposition

•Conduct scientific research and development activities that support the disposal of government-managed High Level Waste and DOE spent nuclear fuel.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation
•Test cleanup scenarios at key DOE sites through the use of Advanced Simulation Capabilities for Environmental Management limited user release toolset.
•Develop the technical basis using a systems-based assessment and management approach which will result in a risk-informed End State for the sites.
•Provide the scientific foundation for the advanced modeling, characterization, assessments, and remediation by the Applied Field Research Initiatives.
•Initiate a pilot demonstration of a new paradigm for long-term monitoring, Phase I – master geochemical variables.

Deactivation and Decommissioning
•Continue development and testing of innovative embedded sensors and long-term monitoring technologies for In-Situ Decommissioning.
•Initiate development of next generation robotic and/or tele-operated platforms to improve efficiency of decontamination and demolition operations.
•Initiate development of various long-term monitoring technologies to ensure the safe and cost-effective removal of Plutonium-238 from Savannah River Site’s Building 235-F. Fiscal Year 2015: Tank Waste
•Provide the technical basis, evaluate and recommend cost and environmentally acceptable strategies and technologies to manage Technetium-99, including removal of Technetium-99 from off-gas recyle processing streams.
•Demonstrate performance of alternate waste forms, support the Cementitious Barriers Partnership and long-term glass studies, and develop improved capabilities to optimize slurry mixing and transport waste loading including investigation and development of novel mixing methods.
•Continue development of strategies and technologies to understand, optimize scale and accelerate tank waste characterization and continue development of targeted cleaning methods thus enabling waste processing and tank closure schedules to be accelerated and costs reduced.
•Develop near-source tank separations, treatment and removal technologies for radionuclides of interest for possible development at the Hanford and Savannah River Sites.

Nuclear Waste Management and Disposition
•Build on previous aging management efforts to monitor safe storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel. An example of a potential application is the integration of the remote inspection camera with the corrosion monitoring module to monitor cask materials.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation
•Enhance Uncertainty Quantification, Parameter Estimation, and Sensitivity Analysis toolsets of the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management user released toolset.
•Support the utilization of Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management. Initially Hanford, Savannah River, and the Nevada National Security Site will be targeted.
•Provide the scientific foundation for the advanced modeling, characterization, assessments, and remediation scenarios by the Applied Field Research Initiatives.
•Complete pilot demonstration of a new paradigm for long-term monitoring, Phase I – master geochemical variables.

Deactivation and Decommissioning
•Continue development of next generation remote and robotic platforms and smart tooling systems.
•Conduct a pilot project installing reliable sensors and remote network systems for long-term monitoring of containment release from permanently entombed Deactivation and Decommissioning facilities.
•Continue development of various technologies to ensure the safe and cost-effective removal of Plutonium-238 from Savannah River Site’s Building 235 F.
Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature (140):
Not Applicable.
Information Contacts (150)
Regional or Local Office (151) :
None.
Headquarters Office (152):
Latrincy M. Bates Office of Soil and Groundwater Remediation, EM-12
1000 Independence Ave., SW , Washington, District of Columbia 20585 Email: latrincy.bates@em.doe.gov Phone: 301-903-7654
Website Address (153):
http://www.em.doe.gov
Examples of Funded Projects (170):
Not Applicable.
Criteria for Selecting Proposals (180):
Research must be beneficial to the overall accomplishment of the program objectives and consistent with the criteria of the EM Merit Review System (i.e., technically meritorious, qualified principal investigators, adequate facilities for conduct of the work, past experience and performance history).