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Surveys, Studies, Research, Investigations, Demonstrations, and Special Purpose Activities Relating to the Clean Air Act

Number: 66.034
Agency: Environmental Protection Agency
Office: Office of Air and Radiation

Program Information 

Program Number/Title (010):
66.034 Surveys, Studies, Research, Investigations, Demonstrations, and Special Purpose Activities Relating to the Clean Air Act
Federal Agency (030):
Office of Air and Radiation, Environmental Protection Agency
Authorization (040):
Clean Air Act of 1963, Section 103, Public Law 95-95, 42 U.S.C 7401; National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Section 102(2)(F), Public Law 91-190, 42 U.S.C 4332.
Objectives (050):
(1) Indoor Environments. Activities will support surveys, studies, research, training, outreach, education, investigations or demonstrations performed by organizations that lead to effective outreach strategies to educate key audiences about indoor air pollutants, their associated health risks and encourage effective mitigation and control strategies. Currently, the Program focuses on several critical aspects of indoor air quality that pose significant risks to public health, and in particular, to children and other disproportionately impacted segments of society. Program focus includes, but is not limited to, reducing the exposure of children and others with asthma to indoor triggers, including secondhand smoke, that worsen their condition; promoting the adoption of operation and maintenance practices in schools, homes and other buildings throughout the nation to reduce the harmful effects of poor indoor air quality on the health of the public, students and staff; promoting voluntary radon testing by homeowners to identify elevated levels and fix them when they are found; as well as working with homebuilders to incorporate radon resistant construction features into new homes; promoting IAQ protections during energy upgrades in homes and schools; building energy efficient new homes with IAQ protective features.


(2) Radiation. Activities support technical, outreach, and educational projects relating to environmental radiation. Activities also support the national environmental radiation monitoring program. This program prepares for and responds to incidents involving nuclear or radiological material, oversees the safe disposal of radioactive waste, maintains two laboratories that perform radiological sampling and analyses, and provides standards for protecting human health and the environment from radioactive material. Program focus includes, but is not limited, to the following activities: performance testing and evaluation, development of analytical procedures, purchasing of radiation laboratory equipment and support and enhancement of radiological laboratory capability and capacity across the nation to reduce the gap in analyzing environmental samples following a significant national radiological incident.


(3) Community-Scale Air Toxics Ambient Monitoring (CSATAM). The CSATAM Grant Program results in two-year projects designed to assist state, local and tribal communities in identifying and profiling air toxics sources, characterizing the degree and extent of local air toxics problems and tracking progress of air toxics reduction activities in specific local areas without reliance on often uncertain estimates of emissions and air dispersion models. Further, projects typically allow the recipient state, local and tribal air pollution control agencies to establish or enhance hazardous air pollutant monitoring networks, thus providing long term capability to investigate and assess specific local air quality scenarios of concern. The program will continue working with grant recipients that received funding in previous years.


(4) Mobile Sources Technologies. Projects encompass studies and investigations utilizing state-of-the-art experimental techniques in advanced engine development technology, including hydraulic hybrid drive-trains, to optimize fuel economy, reduce exhaust emissions (including PM and NOx) and improve performance. In addition, projects may support studies identifying barriers to technological innovation, analyzing innovative strategies for overcoming these barriers, encouraging the development and adoption of new vehicle and fuel technologies for the control of emissions.


(5) Heavy Duty Truck Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions. This program studies and analyzes fuel consumption and emissions reductions associated with the use of innovative technologies for heavy duty diesel trucks. Projects involve truck fleets that operate under varying conditions in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the various technologies.


(6) National Internet-based On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) Information Exchange. This program supports activities that maintain, update and improve the Internet-based information clearinghouse to facilitate accurate and timely exchange of technical information related to on-board diagnostic (OBD) between state inspection/maintenance programs, the automotive industry and the general public.


(7) Integrated Assessment of Transportation-Related Policies on Greenhouse Gases, Land Use Change, and Other Economy-Wide Impacts (Integrated Assessment). This program is designed to improve the public data underlying well-established integrated assessment models used to analyze both climate change impacts and the linkages between renewable fuels and climate change. Additionally, projects are intended to further the public's understanding of the interaction of the economic, energy, and environmental impacts of increased renewable fuel usage in the U.S. transportation sector using a robust modeling framework.


(8) Climate Change. The Climate Change Division (CCD) supports activities relating to improving economic, technical and programmatic understanding of climate change. CCD supports technical, outreach, and education projects regarding climate change impacts, mitigation and adaptation options in order for private and public sectors may more effectively and comprehensively address their climate goals. Additionally, CCD supports projects that break down market barriers that may limit investment in technologies that reduce methane and non-CO2 greenhouse gases; address the technical issues surrounding sequestration and carbon storage; address collection and analyses of economic data relating to climate change; and the Global Methane Initiative (GMI) that support climate technology transfer in developing and transition countries. The Global Methane Initiative is an international public-private initiative that advances cost effective, near-term methane recovery and use as a clean energy source in four sectors: agriculture, coal mines, landfills, and oil and gas systems. GMI projects reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the near term and provide a number of important environmental and economic co-benefits. Co-benefits include stimulating local economic growth, creating new sources of affordable alternative energy, improving local air and water quality with associated public health benefits and increasing industrial worker safety. CCD also supports the Greenhouse Gas Reporting program that will help facilities that participate in voluntary, state-based and federal GHG reporting programs better understand the requirements of voluntary and state GHG reporting programs in comparison to the federal rule, and identify options for how data collected through state and federal reporting requirements may be used to inform state GHG programs and facility-level efforts to identify emissions-reduction opportunities. Climate Economics Program objective is to advance the field of climate economic and integrated assessment modeling through a regular series of studies on GHG emissions and approaches to mitigating emissions and climate impacts. Climate Science Impacts objectives include leveraging studies which focus on climate impacts on environmental justice issues and tribal communities, and inform adaptation policy development and planning for tribal and environmental justice communities.


(9) Climate Protection Partnerships. EPA funds Global Climate Change programs which are voluntary government/industry partnership programs designed to capitalize on the opportunities that consumers, businesses, and organizations have for making sound investments in efficient equipment, policies and practices. The Global Climate Change program will manage a number of efforts to remove barriers in the marketplace and to deploy technology faster in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the economy. Our programs work by overcoming widely acknowledged barriers to energy efficiency: lack of clear, reliable information on technology opportunities; lack of awareness of energy efficient products and services; lack of financing options to turn lifecycle energy savings into initial cost savings for consumers; and low incentives to manufacturers for efficiency research and development. In addition, our Global Climate Change programs will provide technical assistance, training, information exchange and other forms of cooperation to enhance the capabilities of governments and other stakeholders to protect human health and the environment regionally and globally.


(10) Near-road Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Monitoring. In accordance with the final NO2 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), state and local air pollution control agencies (grantees) are required to establish near-road monitoring stations to ensure the collection of data necessary for determining compliance with the standard as well as to protect human health and the environment. Grantees will purchase capital equipment and work with local Department of Transportation agencies to ensure unique siting criteria are met in the establishment of the new monitoring stations.
Types of Assistance (060):
PROJECT GRANTS
Uses and Use Restrictions (070):
Grants and cooperative agreements are available to support recipients' allowable direct costs incident to approved Surveys, Studies, Research, Investigations, Demonstrations and Special Purpose plus allowable indirect costs, in accordance with established EPA policies and regulations. Assistance agreement awards under this program may involve or relate to geospatial information. Further information regarding geospatial information may be obtained by viewing the following website: http://geodata.epa.gov.

Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to adopt and enforce policies that ban text messaging while driving company-owned or -rented vehicles or government-owned vehicles, or while driving privately-owned vehicles when on official government business or when performing any work for or on behalf of the government. Grant recipients and sub-recipients are encouraged to conduct initiatives of the type described in section 3(a) of the Federal Leadership on Reducing Text Messaging While Driving Executive Order that was signed on October 1, 2009.
Eligibility Requirements (080)
Applicant Eligibility (081):
Assistance under this program is generally available to States, local governments, territories, Indian Tribes, and possessions of the U.S., including the District of Columbia, international organizations, public and private universities and colleges, hospitals, laboratories, other public or private nonprofit institutions, which submit applications proposing projects with significant technical merit and relevance to EPA's Office of Air and Radiation's mission. Eligibility for projects awarded or competed exclusively with State and Tribal Assistance Grant (STAG) funds is limited to air pollution control agencies, as defined in section 302(b) of the Clean Air Act that are also eligible to receive grants under section 105 of the Clean Air Act, and/or federally recognized tribes and inter-tribal consortia, consisting of federally recognized tribe members. For certain competitive funding opportunities under this CFDA description, the Agency may limit eligibility to compete to a number or subset of eligible applicants consistent with the Agency's Assistance Agreement Competition Policy.
Beneficiary Eligibility (082):
State and local governments, U.S. territories and possessions, Indian Tribes, universities and colleges, hospitals, laboratories, and other public and private nonprofit institutions.
Credentials/Documentation (083):
Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments and Indian Tribes, OMB Circular No. A-21 for educational institutions, and OMB Circular No. A-122 for nonprofit institutions. Applicants may be requested to demonstrate they have appropriate background, academic training, experience in the field, and necessary equipment to carry out projects. EPA may ask applicants or principle investigators to provide curriculum vitae and relevant publications. OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program.
Application and Award Process (090)
Preapplication Coordination (091):
Regarding pre-application/pre-proposal assistance with respect to competitive funding opportunities under this program description, EPA will generally specify the nature of the pre-application/pre-proposal assistance, if any, that will be available to applicants in the competitive announcement. For additional information, contact the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts" or see Appendix IV of the Catalog. Environmental impact information is not required for this program. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedures (092):
OMB Circular No. A-102 applies to this program. OMB Circular No. A-110 applies to this program. EPA requires final applications to be made on Standard Form 424. Requests for application kits must be submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency, Grants and Interagency Agreements Management Division, 3903R, Washington, DC 20460 or through the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog. Applicants may be able to use http://www.grants.gov to electronically apply for certain grant opportunities under this CFDA.
Award Procedure (093):
For competitive awards, EPA will review and evaluate applications, proposals, and/or submissions in accordance with the terms, conditions, and criteria stated in the competitive announcement. Competitions will be conducted in accordance with EPA policies/regulations for competing assistance agreements.
Deadlines (094):
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time (095):
Approximately 180 days.
Appeals (096):
Assistance agreement competition-related disputes will be resolved in accordance with the dispute resolution procedures published in 70 FR (Federal Register) 3629, 3630 (January 26, 2005). Copies of these procedures may also be requested by contacting the individual(s) listed as "Information Contacts." Disputes relating to matters other than the competitive selection of recipients will be resolved under 40 CFR 30.63 or 40 CFR 31.70, as applicable.
Renewals (097):
None. Generally, EPA incrementally funds grants and cooperative agreements for Surveys, Studies, Research, and Investigations. Approval of subsequent funding increments is dependent on satisfactory project progress, continued relevance of the project to EPA's priorities, availability of funds, and Agency policy on the competitive grant process.
Assistance Consideration (100)
Formula and Matching Requirements (101):
This program has no statutory formula.
Matching Requirements: While there is no statutory or regulatory cost sharing requirement for this program, as a matter of policy the Agency may impose a cost sharing requirement in specific competitions. If the Agency decides to do this, the cost sharing terms will be stated in Section III of the competitive announcement.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance (102):
EPA normally funds grants and cooperative agreements on a 12-month basis. However, EPA can negotiate the project period with each applicant based on project requirements. EPA limits project periods to 5 years. Grants are generally fully funded or on an incremental funding basis. Successful applicants will be notified either via U.S. mail or electronically. Such notification is contingent upon information contained in the resulting solicitation. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: Assistance agreements may be incrementally (quarterly) or fully (lump sum) funded.
Post Assistance Requirements (110)
Reports (111):
EPA includes reporting requirements for grants and cooperative agreements in the terms and conditions of the agreements. Agreements may require quarterly, interim, and final progress reports, and financial, equipment, and invention reports. Reporting requirements are also identified in the Grant Regulations Part 30 and Part 31.

Grantees are required to submit program reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Monitoring and Reporting Program Performance requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30 and OMB Circular No.A-102 or OMB Circular No.A-110. Grantees are required to submit financial reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Financial Reporting and Financial Management Systems requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30 and OMB Circular No.A-102 or OMB Circular No.A-110. Grantees are required to submit progress reports in accordance with Agency policy and the Monitoring and Reporting Program Performance requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30 and OMB Circular No.A-102 or OMB Circular No.A-110. No expenditure reports are required. Grantees are required to perform performance monitoring in accordance with Agency policy and requirements stated in Federal Grant Regulations 40 CFR Part 31 or 40 CFR Part 30 and OMB Circular No.A-102 or OMB Circular No.A-110.
Audits (112):
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133. Grants and cooperative agreements are subject to inspections and audits by the Comptroller General of the United States, the EPA Office of Inspector General, other EPA staff, or any authorized representative of the Federal government. Reviews by the EPA Project Officer and the Grants Specialist may occur each year.
Records (113):
Recipients must keep financial records, including all documents supporting entries on accounting records and to substantiate changes in grants available to personnel authorized to examine EPA recipients grants and cooperative agreements records. Recipients must maintain all records until 3 years from the date of submission of final expenditure reports. If questions, such as those raised as a result of audits remain following the 3-year period, recipients must retain records until the matter is completely resolved.
Financial Information (120)
Obligations (122):
(Project Grants) FY 13 $5,949,615; FY 14 est $7,069,891; and FY 15 est $7,300,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance (123):
EPA generally award grants ranging in value from $5,000 to $750,000 per fiscal year. The average value of each grant is $150,000 per fiscal year.
Program Accomplishments (130):
Fiscal Year 2013: Indoor Environments: Produced effective outreach strategies to educate key audiences about indoor air pollutants and their associated health risks, convincing them to adopt effective mitigation and control strategies. These outreach strategies focused on several critical aspects of indoor air quality that pose significant risks to public health, and in particular, to children and to other disproportionately impacted segments of society. These include: reducing the exposure of children and others with asthma to indoor triggers, including secondhand smoke that worsen their condition; promoting the adoption of operation and maintenance practices in schools throughout the nation to reduce the harmful effects of poor indoor air quality on the health of students and staff; promoting voluntary radon testing by homeowners to identify elevated levels and fix them when they are found, as well as working with homebuilders to incorporate radon resistant construction features into new homes; ; promoting IAQ protections during energy upgrades in homes and schools; building energy efficient new homes with IAQ protective features.


Radiation Protection: Assistance provided support and enhancement for radiological laboratory capability and capacity across the nation to reduce the gap in analyzing environmental samples following a significant national radiological incident. Key activities include audits and proficiency testing, provision of radiological instrumentation, supplies, training, and limited facilities upgrades.


Climate Protection Partnerships: Reduced GHG and improved air quality through collaborative efforts with stakeholders.


Climate Change Division: The USEPA's Global Methane Initiative Grants program provides cooperative agreements to recipients around the globe to build capacity and promote international capture and use of methane. The grants have become an integral and important capacity building instrument of the Global Methane Initiative, a public-private partnership (of more than 33 partner governments) that reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution by promoting the cost-effective, near-term recovery and use of methane, a GHG that is more than 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Methane capture and use projects supported by the partnership through grants and other means are currently reducing emissions by more than 27.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent ~ annually equivalent to the annual emissions from 5 million passenger vehicles. The USEPA's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Grants program will help facilities that participate in voluntary, state-based and federal GHG reporting programs better understand the requirements of voluntary and state GHG reporting programs in comparison to the federal rule; and identify options for how data collected through state and federal reporting requirements may be used to inform state GHG programs and facility-level efforts to identify emissions-reduction opportunities. Fiscal Year 2014: Near Road Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Monitoring: Fifty-two near-road monitors in urban areas with 1,000,000 or more persons began operation across the nation in calendar year 2014.


Climate Partnership Protection: Continued to reduce GHG and improved air quality through collaborative efforts with stakeholders.


Climate Change Division: The USEPA's Global Methane Initiative Grants program provides cooperative agreements to recipients around the globe to build capacity and promote international capture and use of methane. The grants have become an integral and important capacity building instrument of the Global Methane Initiative, a public-private partnership (of more than 33 partner governments) that reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution by promoting the cost-effective, near-term recovery and use of methane, a GHG that is more than 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Methane capture and use projects supported by the partnership through grants and other means are currently reducing emissions by more than 27.3 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent ~ annually equivalent to the annual emissions from 5 million passenger vehicles. The USEPA's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reporting Grants program will help facilities that participate in voluntary, state-based and federal GHG reporting programs better understand the requirements of voluntary and state GHG reporting programs in comparison to the federal rule; and identify options for how data collected through state and federal reporting requirements may be used to inform state GHG programs and facility-level efforts to identify emissions-reduction opportunities. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available
Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature (140):
Surveys, Studies, Research, and Investigations grants and cooperative agreements are subject to EPA's General Grant Regulations (40 CFR Part 30 and 40 CFR Part 31).
Information Contacts (150)
Regional or Local Office (151) :
See Regional Agency Offices. EPA encourages potential applicants to communicate with the appropriate EPA Regional Office listed in Appendix IV of the Catalog, and the Headquarters program contacts listed below.
Headquarters Office (152):
Maureen Hingeley Office of Air and Radiation, Ariel Rios North Building, 1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Mail Code 6102A, Washington, District of Columbia 20460 Email: hingeley.maureen@epa.gov Phone: 202-564-1306
Website Address (153):
http://www.epa.gov/air/
Examples of Funded Projects (170):
Fiscal Year 2013: Indoor Environments: Developed guidance and conducted training courses and outreach activities for state, tribal and local environmental and health professionals and other stakeholders, on indoor air quality topics including asthma triggers, radon, indoor air quality in homes, schools and other buildings.


Radiation Protection: Assistance provided support and enhancement for radiological laboratory capability and capacity across the nation to reduce the gap in analyzing environmental samples following a significant national radiological incident


Climate Protection Partnerships: The goal of this project is to promote investment in energy efficiency and clean energy by publicly-owned utilities through this nationwide initiative called The Clean and Efficient Energy Program for public power (CEEP). Specifically, this project will: 1) Compile a compendium of energy efficiency activities by public power and cooperatives, 2) Develop a white paper and case studies based on the existing best practices on energy efficiency in public power and cooperatives, including effectively engaging retailers and manufacturers in rebate programs, and 3) Transfer this information through workshops whose outcomes are new clean energy action plans and commitments to take action to advance energy efficiency.


Climate Change Division: Climate Awareness Program-Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, Feasibility Studies/Training Landfill Gas Program- Global Methane Initiative, Assessment Methane Technologies and Management Practices for Municipal Wastewater Facilities in Chile- Global Methane Initiative projects in various developing countries


Market transformation projects that will increase public awareness of the health benefits and cost savings associated with the use of energy efficient products and services; Projects that involve regional outreach and education benefits of renewable energy, encouraging state and local governments to make green power purchases; Demonstrating the effectiveness and viability of retrofit technologies in reducing harmful air emissions from existing diesel highway, heavy-duty vehicles and to achieve actual local emission reductions; Educating the business and consumer sectors on the benefits of improving energy performance; Market transformation projects that will increase public awareness of the health benefits and cost savings associated with the use of energy efficient products and services; Projects that involve regional outreach and education on the benefits of renewable energy, encouraging state and local governments to make green power purchases, and; Projects that reduce emissions through improved greenhouse gas management and clean energy programs. Fiscal Year 2014: Indoor Environments: Projects funded during FY2013-14 include webinars and outreach activities for state, tribal and local environmental and health professionals and other stakeholders, on indoor air quality topics including asthma triggers, radon, indoor air quality in homes, schools and other buildings, and public awareness outreach activities to educate the general public about IAQ risks and actions they can take to mitigate these risks.


Radiation Protection: Assistance provided support and enhancement for radiological laboratory capability and capacity across the nation to reduce the gap in analyzing environmental samples following a significant national radiological incident.


Climate Protection Partnerships: This project will use voluntary and market based strategies to realize energy efficiency gains in products and buildings. The long term goal for the work outlined in this work plan is to create lasting, sustainable change in the market resulting in significant energy savings, reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and reduced utility bills. This project will establish product energy performance and testing metrics, collect energy performance data, conduct outreach around the energy use and efficiency opportunities of products and buildings, support development of product labeling and verification programs, and support utility program design.


Climate Change Division: Feasibility Studies/Training Landfill Gas Program- Global Methane Initiative, Assessment Methane Technologies and Management Practices for Municipal Wastewater Facilities in Chile- Global Methane Initiative projects in various developing countries. Fiscal Year 2015: No Current Data Available
Criteria for Selecting Proposals (180):
EPA selects proposed Surveys, Studies, Research, and Investigations projects for funding based on factors such as relevancy to EPA's mission, technical merit, and the likelihood of success. If EPA issues a solicitation for applications for a particular project or group of projects, the solicitation will identify specific criteria. The evaluation and selection criteria for competitive awards under this CFDA description will be described in the competitive announcement.