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Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention_Allocation to States

State Formula Grants
Number: 16.540
Agency: Department of Justice
Office: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Program Information 

Program Number/Title (010):
16.540 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention_Allocation to States
Federal Agency (030):
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Department of Justice
Authorization (040):
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 2002, Sections 221-223, 42 U.S.C. Sections 5631-5633.
Objectives (050):
To increase the capacity of State and local governments to support a variety of programs related to delinquency prevention and reduction, juvenile justice system improvement, research, evaluation, statistical analysis, and training and technical assistance.
Types of Assistance (060):
Uses and Use Restrictions (070):
This program, established by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Act of 2002, allocates formula grant funds to States and territories on the basis of their relative population under age 18. The minimum allocation to each State is $600,000 and to the Territories is $100,000. States/Territories must demonstrate compliance with four core requirements of the JJDP Act in order to receive their full allocation of Formula Grants funds. The core requirements are: Section 223(a) (11) deinstitutionalization of status offenders; (12) separation of adults and juveniles in secure custody; (13) removal of juveniles from adult jails and lockups; and (22) the elimination of the disproportionate contact of minority juveniles, where such conditions exist. The State's allocation is reduced by 20 percent for each core requirement with which the State is in non-compliance. Technical Assistance: Not in excess of two percent of the funds available each fiscal year to formula grants is available for grants and contracts with public and private agencies, organizations and individuals to provide assistance to States, units of general local governments, and combinations thereof, and local private agencies to facilitate compliance with Section 223 of the JJDP Act and implementation of the State Plan approved by OJJDP. Technical assistance provided under this provision is coordinated with the State agencies designated to implement the formula grants program. To be eligible for formula grant funds, a State must submit electronically a comprehensive plan applicable to a 3-year period embodying the purposes of the Act and including provisions that: (1) provide for an advisory group appointed by the chief executive of the State to carry out specified functions and to participate in the development and review of the State's juvenile justice plan; (2) provide that juveniles who are charged with or who have committed offenses that would not be criminal if committed by an adult, or offenses which do not constitute violations of valid court orders or such non-offenders as dependent and neglected children, are removed from secure juvenile detention and secure correctional facilities; (3) provide that juveniles alleged to be or found to be delinquent and youths within the purview of the deinstitutionalization core requirement not be confined or detained in any institution in which they have contact with adult persons incarcerated because they have been convicted of a crime or are awaiting trial on criminal charges; (4) provide that no juvenile shall be detained or confined in any jail or lockup for adults (with specified exceptions); and (5) provide for programs to eliminate the disproportionate contact of minority juveniles where such condition exists. Once the plan is approved, each State determines the specific programs to be funded. The States are responsible for processing applications for subgrants and administering funded projects. Two-thirds of funds must be passed through to units of general local government, private nonprofit agencies, and Indian Tribes performing law enforcement functions unless a waiver is granted.
Eligibility Requirements (080)
Applicant Eligibility (081):
The Chief Executive of each State which chooses to apply for a formula grant shall establish or designate a State agency as the sole agency for supervising the preparation and administration of the plan, in accordance with the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency (JJDP) Act of 2002. Technical Assistance: Grants and contracts may only be made to agencies, organizations and individuals that have experience in providing technical assistance to State agencies in implementing State plans, and in facilitating compliance with Section 223 of the JJDP Act, Public Law 102-586.
Beneficiary Eligibility (082):
Units of a State and its local government, public and private organizations, Indian tribes performing law enforcement functions, and agencies involved in juvenile delinquency prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Credentials/Documentation (083):
Costs will be determined in accordance with OMB Circular No. A-87 for State and local governments. OMB Circular No. A-87 applies to this program.
Application and Award Process (090)
Preapplication Coordination (091):
Preapplication coordination is required. An environmental impact assessment is required for this program. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review.
Application Procedures (092):
OMB Circular No. A-102 applies to this program. This program is excluded from coverage under OMB Circular No. A-110. Applicants must submit completed applications via the Office of Justice Programs, Grants Management System or through following established criteria. The receipt, review, and analysis of applications will follow Office of Justice Programs policies and procedures for the administration of grant applications. Specific application instructions for solicitations are available at the Office of Justice Programs web site (
Award Procedure (093):
Upon approval by the Assistant Attorney General, successful applicants are notified via the Grants Management System. One copy of the grant award must be signed by the authorized official and returned to the Office of Justice Programs.
Deadlines (094):
Contact the headquarters or regional office, as appropriate, for application deadlines.
Range of Approval/Disapproval Time (095):
From 30 to 60 days. Formula Grants Plans will generally be approved within 30 to 45 days of receipt of a complete application. Technical Assistance: Approval/disapproval time is provided on three levels (immediate response, total system response, and specialized, developmental response) from 1 to 2 hours to 10 days.
Appeals (096):
Hearings held by OJJDP. Technical assistance: Federal Acquisition Regulations apply.
Renewals (097):
Comprehensive Plan submission required every 3 years. Annual updates and applications required each of the other 2 years. Technical Assistance: Contracts are renewed throughout contract modifications and competition processes.
Assistance Consideration (100)
Formula and Matching Requirements (101):
Statutory formulas are not applicable to this program.
Matching Requirements: Percent: 10.%. State grantees may use no more than 10 percent of their Formula Grant allocation for planning and administration and they must match planning and administration funds dollar for dollar.
This program does not have MOE requirements.
Length and Time Phasing of Assistance (102):
Fiscal year action funds may be carried forward for obligation for 2 years subsequent to the fiscal year of award. Under a Letter of Credit, drawdowns may be made. Technical Assistance: Three year incremental contract is funded. Method of awarding/releasing assistance: by letter of credit.
Post Assistance Requirements (110)
Reports (111):
Program reports are not applicable. Cash reports are not applicable. Recipients are required to submit semi-annual Progress Reports. Recipients are required to submit quarterly Financial Reports. To assist in fulfilling the Departments responsibilities under the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA), Public Law 103-62, and the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010, Public Law 111–352, recipients must provide data that measures the results of their work.
Audits (112):
In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), "Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations," nonfederal entities that expend financial assistance of $500,000 or more in Federal awards will have a single or a program-specific audit conducted for that year. Nonfederal entities that expend less than $500,000 a year in Federal awards are exempt from Federal audit requirements for that year, except as noted in Circular No. A-133.
Records (113):
Recipients of federal funds are expected to retain documentation supporting all program transactions for at least 3 years after the closure of audit reports related to such funding. If any litigation, claim, negotiation, audit, or other action involving records has been started before the expiration of the 3-year period, the records must be retained until completion of the action and resolution of all related issues, or until the end of the regular 3-year period, whichever is later.
Financial Information (120)
Obligations (122):
(Formula Grants) FY 12 $33,105,175; FY 13 est $41,080,000; and FY 14 est $70,000,000
Range and Average of Financial Assistance (123):
Allocation of formula grants to States and territories are based on of relative populations under 18.
Program Accomplishments (130):
Not Applicable.
Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature (140):
Office of Justice Programs’ Financial Guide 2011 ( ) and Post award Instructions (, applicable OMB Circulars, and Department of Justice regulations applicable to specific types of grantees, which can be found in title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations (28 C.F.R.).
Information Contacts (150)
Regional or Local Office (151) :
Headquarters Office (152):
Jennifer Yeh U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
810 7th Street, N.W., Washington, District of Columbia 20531 Phone: (202) 616-9135
Website Address (153):
Examples of Funded Projects (170):
Not Applicable.
Criteria for Selecting Proposals (180):
Criteria are established by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act, as amended, and the regulations governing the Formula Grant Program provisions of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act as published in the Federal Register.